Colon cancer is the irregular growth of cells (polyps) that have spread to the large intestine (colon). It is the third most common type of cancer and generally affects people that are aged 50+ and seems to affect the African-American race more than other races. It is still unknown what exactly causes colon cancer but healthy cells in our bodies always divide and when a cell’s DNA is damaged, it will still divide and eventually, as the damaged cells build up, a tumour will develop. Colon cancer can also be a hereditary problem and has also been linked to certain diets, smoking and obesity.
SYMPTOMS OF COLON CANCER
Colon cancer can be difficult to detect at the beginning as symptoms may get unnoticed or unrecognised and connected to something else. The main symptom of colon cancer is a change in the pattern of bowel movements, such as, diarrhoea or constipation. You may also experience bleeding in your stools or change of colour. Stomach pains such as excessive bloating, cramps or swelling have been linked to it as well as unexplained weight loss, weakness and tiredness. If you are experiencing bleeding, either in your stools or rectal bleeding, it is important to go to your doctor straightaway.