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Menstrual Pain

Menstrual pains or period pains are the cramping pains a woman feels just before her period is due and in the first couple of days of having her period. The majority of women suffer with menstrual pains and cramps but it is more severe in some women than in others. It is thought that period pain can be worse in women that started their periods very young (younger than 11) and that obesity, smoking and drinking can also contribute to this. Other factors that are associated with menstrual pain are fibroids (non-cancerous growths on the uterus), abnormal pregnancies, such as an ectopic pregnancy, cysts, infection of the reproductive orders or pelvic inflammatory disease as well as ovarian cysts. If a woman has always experienced pains since she started her period then this pain is referred to as primary dysmennorhea and if the cramps have been brought on by another condition, such as the cysts, it is known as secondary dysmennorhea.


The most common symptom of menstrual pain is the cramping pain in the lower abdomen but more severe symptoms can include, nausea, vomiting, lower back pain, weakness and tiredness, diarrhea, fainting spells as well as headaches and moodiness.